Schematic illustration of main results reported in fMRI connectivity studies on aberrant emotional face processing in major depressive disorder (MDD) patients. Double arrows represent results derived by functional connectivity approaches, whereas the normal arrows present the result derived by effective connectivity analyses. Plus and minus characters indicate increased and decreased connectivity between brain regions in MDD. ACC = anterior cingulate cortex; Amyg = amygdala; DLPFC = dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; OFC = orbitofrontal cortex; suprag = supragenual; subg = subgenual.
Stuhrmann et al. Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders 2011 1:10 doi:10.1186/2045-5380-1-10