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Open Access Research

Amygdala activation to threat under attentional load in individuals with anxiety disorder

Thomas Straube*, Judith Lipka, Andreas Sauer, Martin Mothes-Lasch and Wolfgang HR Miltner

Author affiliations

Department of Biological and Clinical Psychology, Friedrich-Schiller-University, Jena, Germany

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Citation and License

Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders 2011, 1:12  doi:10.1186/2045-5380-1-12

Published: 16 December 2011

Abstract

Background

Previous studies in healthy subjects have shown that strong attentional distraction prevents the amygdala from responding to threat stimuli. Here, we investigated the effects of attentional load on amygdala activation to threat-related stimuli in individuals suffering from an anxiety disorder.

Methods

During functional magnetic resonance imaging, spider-phobicand healthy control subjects were presented with phobia-related and neutral stimuli while performing a distraction task with varying perceptual load (high vs low).

Results

Our data revealed a pattern of simultaneously increased amygdala and visual cortical activation to threat vs neutral pictures in phobic individuals, compared with controls, occurring regardless of attentional load.

Conclusions

These results suggest that, in contrast to studies in healthy subjects, amygdala activation to clinically relevant threat stimuli is more resistant to attentional load.