Table 1

Study Participants- summary of demographic and clinical information
Gender Lithium Responders Lithium Non-Responders
N (%) N (%)
Male 2 (20) 4 (40)
Female 8 (80) 6 (60)
Ethnicity
Caucasian 7 (70) 9 (90)
Non-caucasian 3 (30) 1 (10)
Bipolar I disorder 7 (70) 10 (100)
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Age 34.5 ± 10.6 42.0 ± 6.6
HAM-D (at entry) 26.2 ± 15.9 29.1 ± 14.8
HAM-A (at entry) 14.4 ± 8.6 14.7 ± 7.0
MADRS (at entry) 17.9 ± 11.6 20.7 ± 11.5
YMRS (at entry) 6.3 ± 5.8 5.9 ± 4.3
Lithium Level (average) 0.63 ± 0.14 0.65 ± 0.28

HAM-D = Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, HAM-A = Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, MADRS = Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale, YMRS = Young Mania Rating Scale.

Lowthert et al.

Lowthert et al. Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders 2012 2:15   doi:10.1186/2045-5380-2-15

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